Home > North and Central America
   North America is made up of 3 large states (Canada, United States of America and Mexico) in addition to the nations of Central America and the Caribbean islands; also part of the territory is Greenland, the largest island in the Globe, which is an autonomous county of Denmark. Canada and the USA together occupy 88% of the surface area (excluding Greenland); the average altitude is 720 meters, with the western part of the Continent crossed by a long mountain range that continues to Panama.

   North and Central America has many different territorial and climatic areas; they range from the numerous and extensive islands of Canada to the smaller ones of the Caribbean. The climate changes from polar to tropical in the southern offshoots; the water basins are distributed throughout the continent, with the presence of large lakes on the US-Canada border.



Area: 24,709,000 km² (9,540,000 sq mi)
Population: 584,700,000 (2019 estimates)
Pop. density: 24 inhab/km² (61 inhab/sq mi)

Most populous city: Mexico City (8,844,000 inhab., 21,505,000 urban aggl.)
Highest mountain: Denali 6,190 m (20,308 ft)
Lowest point: Death Valley -86 m (-282 ft)
Longest river: Mississippi-Missouri 6,157 km (3,826 mi)
Largest lake: Superior 82,100 km² (31,699 sq mi)
Largest island: Greenland 2,130,800 km² (822,706 sq mi)

Largest cities  |  Highest mountains  |  Longest rivers  |  Largest lakes  |  Largest islands  |  Countries and Capitals

North and Central America Countries and Dependent Territories

  Anguilla
  Aruba
  Barbados
  Belize
  Bermuda
  Canada
  Cayman Islands
  Cuba
  Curaçao
  Dominica
  Greenland
  Grenada
  Guadeloupe
  Guatemala
  Haiti
  Honduras
  Jamaica
  Martinique
  Mexico
  Montserrat
  Nicaragua
  Panamá
  Puerto Rico
  Saint Barthélemy
  Saint Martin
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  Sint Maarten
  Turks and Caicos Islands
  British Virgin Islands
  United States Virgin Islands