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Moscow, the capital of Russia   In the table below a summary with all the capitals of Europe, you find also a useful map with their position on the continent and the population updated to the latest data or available estimates, both of the city itself and of its urban agglomeration.

   Moscow in Russia is the easternmost and most populated capital, but most of the country is located in Asia, as in the case of Turkey, which has only a small part in Europe, Eastern Thrace.

   With very few exceptions, such as Bern in Switzerland, the capital is also the most populous city in the country; some capitals have a few thousand inhabitants, this is because they are located in states with a very limited extension and a consequent low population, such as San Marino, Vatican City or Liechtenstein.

   In Europe there is the northernmost capital of the world, Reykjavik, while Valletta is the southernmost one in this continent; Andorra La Vella is the highest capital, while Amsterdam is the lowest, 2 meters below sea level.


Flag Country  Capital Population Urban aggl. Elevation
Albania flag Albania Tirana 440,000 811,000 110 m
Andorra flag Andorra Andorra La Vella 19,400 19,400 1,023 m
Austria flag Austria Vienna 1,921,000 1,921,000 172 m
Belarus flag Belarus Minsk 2,010,000 2,213,000 220 m
Belgium flag Belgium Brussels 185,000 2,041,000 18 m
Bosnia and Herzegovina flag Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 276,000 430,000 511 m
Bulgaria flag Bulgaria Sofia 1,222,000 1,222,000 560 m
Croatia flag Croatia Zagreb 809,000 809,000 120 m
Czech Republic flag Czech Republic Prague 1,335,000 1,335,000 190 m
Denmark flag Denmark Copenhagen 799,000 1,618,000 3 m
Estonia flag Estonia Tallinn 438,000 438,000 30 m
Finland flag Finland Helsinki 654,000 1,200,000 8 m
France flag France Paris 2,176,000 11,027,000 37 m
Germany flag Germany Berlin 3,669,000 4,026,000 34 m
Greece flag Greece Athens 664,000 3,417,000 73 m
Hungary flag Hungary Budapest 1,750,000 2,429,000 102 m
Iceland flag Iceland Reykjavik 132,000 132,000 8 m
Ireland flag Ireland Dublin 553,000 1,371,000 2 m
Italy flag Italy Rome 2,784,000 3,207,000 21 m
Kosovo flag Kosovo Pristina 145,000 145,000 652 m
Latvia flag Latvia Riga 615,000 615,000 6 m
Liechtenstein flag Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,700 5,700 455 m
Lithuania flag Lithuania Vilnius 559,000 559,000 156 m
Luxembourg flag Luxembourg Luxembourg 125,000 125,000 305 m
Malta flag Malta Valletta 5,900 355,000 42 m
Moldova flag Moldova Chisinau 544,000 544,000 85 m
Monaco flag Monaco Monaco 38,350 38,350 10 m
Montenegro flag Montenegro Podgorica 165,000 165,000 44 m
Netherlands flag Netherlands Amsterdam 873,000 1,157,000 -2 m
North Macedonia flag North Macedonia Skopje 510,000 510,000 270 m
Norway flag Norway Oslo 697,000 917,000 23 m
Poland flag Poland Warsaw 1,794,000 1,965,000 112 m
Portugal flag Portugal Lisbon 518,000 2,719,000 8 m
Romania flag Romania Bucharest 1,880,000 1,880,000 70 m
Russia flag Russia Moscow 12,456,000 17,693,000 148 m
San Marino flag San Marino San Marino 4,100 4,100 670 m
Serbia flag Serbia Belgrade 1,077,000 1,077,000 117 m
Slovakia flag Slovakia Bratislava 441,000 441,000 157 m
Slovenia flag Slovenia Ljubljana 286,000 286,000 290 m
Spain flag Spain Madrid 3,335,000 6,006,000 667 m
Sweden flag Sweden Stockholm 976,000 1,584,000 28 m
Switzerland flag Switzerland Bern 135,000 278,000 542 m
Turkey flag Turkey Ankara 5,036,000 5,036,000 938 m
Ukraine flag Ukraine Kiev 2,954,000 2,954,000 179 m
United Kingdom flag United Kingdom London 9,048,000 11,120,000 24 m
Vatican City flag Vatican City Vatican City 620 620 18 m




* data on urban agglomerations updated to 2021 (estimates), those on population according to official data or more recent estimates of the national statistical services, when different from urban agglomerations.